French word for “dry.”
A wine with aromas and flavours reminiscent of spices such as black pepper and cinnamon. While this can be a characteristic of the grape variety, many spicy notes are due to the oak's influence.
A wine with noticeable sugar levels which might express as, for example, honey.
French for geographical characteristics unique to a given vineyard.
A tasting term that describes how well a wine expresses the typical characteristics of a particular grape variety.
A wine with aromas and flavour reminiscent of vegetation as opposed to fruit or floral notes.
The process of making wine.
The year written on the label eg 2016 refers to the year in which the grapes were picked. Some years - vintages - are better than others depending on weather conditions.
Fermented grape juice.
A microorganism endemic to vineyards and produced commercially that converts grape sugars into alcohol.
The productivity of a vineyard often expressed in tonnes per hectare. Low yielding vineyards ofter produce better wine. Older vines tend to be low-yielding.